Vascular engineering is a multidisciplinary field integrating vascular biology, hemodynamics, biomechanics, tissue engineering, and medicine. Understanding the dynamics of the circulatory system, and recognizing the impact of related disease conditions - atherosclerosis, hypertension, myocardial ischemia, and cerebral infarction – has generated focus on developing the expertise to both maintain and treat the vascular system. This book reviews the fundamental biology and mechanics of the vasculature, and advances to examine how this knowledge has underpinned the development of new clinical modalities, including endovascular treatment and vascularization of reconstructed tissue for regenerative medicine. As a comprehensive text in this burgeoning area, Vascular Engineering, serves as a valuable resource to clinicians, as well as academics and professionals working in biophysics, biomedical engineering, nano- and micro-rheology. Graduate students in these subject areas will also find the text insightful.